By the end of the s, a fortified tower with a mill and chapel was built and a third village began to grow up around the castle. This village, which would become Frauenfeld, grew gradually on land owned by Reichenau Abbey.
The original fortified tower grew into Frauenfeld Castle. Frauenfeld is first mentioned in as Vrowinvelt though it had been growing slowly during the second third of the 13th century.
In the next three decades, several knights who came from the Kyburg lands, adopted the von Frauenfeld name. It is unclear whether the inhabitants of Frauenfeld Castle were simply the aristocratic owners of houses in Frauenfeld or the administrator of the bailiwick of Frauenfeld.
In Frauenfeld is first mentioned as a city. At least by that date, it had been integrated into the Habsburg territories. The tower was for a long time in the hands of the Knights of Frauenfeld-Wiesendangen.
The political, social and economic background of becoming a city before are not clear: The Kyburgs did not hold sovereign rights in Frauenfled. It is therefore uncertain whether the city was founded by the Kyburgs really with the tacit approval of Reichenau, as was earlier believed.
It is also conceivable that the castle and maybe a smaller surrounding village was built by a third party, perhaps a Toggenburg , of Murkart or Hagenbuch noble.
If that was the case, as they lost influence in the s in the lower Murgtal, the Kyburgs and later the Habsburgs expanded into the region and gained control of Reichenau's rights and castle.
The city was integrated into the Habsburg Amt of Kyburg. In , the Habsburgs bestowed the right of judgment for all of Thurgau which then included St.
Gallen on the Duke of Frauenfeld. In the 14th century the castle became the administrative center of the Habsburg Amt of Frauenfeld. As the Habsburgs sought to consolidate their position in the Thurgau, they granted the castle to one of the most important families of the Habsburg gentry , the Landsbergers.
They held the position until Between and the city was under the auspices of an imperial provincial governor. After it temporarily fell back under Austrian control, then in , the Thurgau including Frauenfeld was captured by the Swiss Confederation.
Frauenfeld had been a political center under the Austrian Habsburgs. Under the Confederation, it grew into the center from which the Confederates managed the entire Thurgau.
After it was also the home of a Confederation court. After the city was the residence of Thurgau governor, and after he lived in the castle.
Other locations were directly subordinate. As the city grew in importance, the houses around the castle grew into a weakly fortified city. The city was separated by a wall and moat from the castle.
The wooden houses were clustered around the two longitudinal and three cross streets, but a town square or other large, open space was missing.
The castle and Niedertor city gate and the Strasshof dominated the southwest corner while the church and Oberturm upper tower were in the northwestern corner.
The so-called Gachnanger Stock was in the northeast and the Spiegelhof with Holdertor city gate were in the southeast corner. In the 15th century the city was slowly fortified, but even in the outer rows of houses were not protected by city walls.
In the 16th century most of the houses in the city were built from stone. The two city fires of and destroyed nearly all the houses, so that the current face of the old city dates from the end of the 18th century.
The Protestant Reformation affected the city. Although in only about 70 Catholics lived in the city, the Catholic Cantons helped administer Frauenfeld and the rest of the Thurgau.
For church affairs ever existed a Protestant and a Catholic Grand and Lesser Councils, which supervised the two schools in the city. The City Church and the Church in Oberkirch were initially shared churches.
The Protestant pastor was appointed by the city's own Protestants after However, it wasn't until that the Protestants had their own church.
The castle of Frauenfeld is an example of late baroque and classical architecture. The Rathaus dates from Frauenfeld's second period of prominence in the 18th century.
Starting in , the gathering of Swiss Eidgenossen took place alternately in Frauenfeld and Baden. In , this gathering took Frauenfeld as its regular meetingplace.
The fall of the old Old Swiss Confederacy in as a result of the French invasion brought an end to the gatherings in Frauenfeld. Following the French invasion of the Confederation, Thurgau was created as a full canton in the Helvetic Republic.
The new constitution of established Frauenfeld as the capital of the new canton. Speicher kann ohne Ausfallzeiten oder Unterbrechungen der Inhalte hinzugefügt werden.
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